The surgeon Gaspar Talyakotstsi
surgeon Gaspar Talyakotstsi
In the second half of the XVI century, plastic surgery has become famous Gaspare Tagliacozzi(1545 - 1599).In 1565, 20-year-old boys surgeon Gaspar Talyakotstsi entered the oldest university in Europe - Bologna, where he studied classical works of Avicenna, Hippocrates, Galen.Tagliacozzi Human anatomy studied with the famous Italian surgeon and anatomist Giulio Cesare Aranzio (1530 - 1589).After graduation he was elected Gaspare Tagliacozzi anatomy professor at the University of Bologna.At that time, his main teacher became widely known as a scientist-anatomist.In 1564 Giulio Aranzio published just two books: «De Humano Faeto Opiisciilnm», in which he described the ductus arteriosus, later wrongly named Botallova and «Obsrevationes Anatomicas», which characterized the walls of the heart and nodules of semilunar valves.Professor G. Aranzio also had little experience in rhinoplasty, but well-known publications had on this subject was not.During this time, the nose is also engaged in the reconstruction of Professor Gabriele Fallopius (1523 - 1619) and the famous French surgeon Ambroise Pare.At the same time, both the doctor spoke about the results of cutaneous nasal plastic rather dismissive.
Gaspare Tagliacozzi, fascinated by the idea of improving Rhinoplasty techniques in patients who received injury and infected with syphilis, secretly opened his medical reception in Bologna.In 1576 he became a member of the College of Medicine and Philosophy, received the rank of collegiate doctor.However, he really improved his own surgical technique rhinoplasty may observing patients operated Vianeo, and receiving information from the visiting surgeons, in particular, by Leonardo Fioravanti.The results of his work become known to a large number of colleagues.In 1585, the famous physician and professor of anatomy professor at the University of Padua Gerolamo Mercurialis wrote to Gaspare Tagliacozzi to answer a number of questions regarding rhinoplasty.In 1587 Gerolamo Mercurialis published the text of this letter as a supplement to his book «De Decoratione».It was only in 1597 Gaspare Tagliacozzi completed work on his book «De Curtorum Chimrgia per Insitionem» ( «vsazhivaniem defects Surgery") describing rhinoplasty and lip graft from the hip and 22 drawings, including images of the necessary surgical instruments (curved needles, scalpels, forceps).
By G. Tagliacozzi, nose recovery operation was carried out in 6 receptions.After careful measurement shoulder on the front surface delineated by two parallel cuts and a flap of skin was peeled away from its underlying tissue.Under it led up a piece of cloth, which is changed daily for 14 days.After 2 weeks, the peripheral leg flap was cut, and he was lying freely on the proximal leg another 14 days, passing childhood stage (piieritia), youth (adolescentia) and old age (senectus).When the flap was beginning to shrink, it transplanted on refreshed nasal defect.At the same arm for 20 days kept complex oblique bandage with a special layout, helps to give the nose a predetermined shape.Then the flap is cut off, and after 14 days formed wings and nose septum.
«Italian» Rhinoplasty unfree gloss is a shoulder on Gaspare Tagliacozzi
G. Tagliacozzi the first time as described in detail the plastic lip of the arm skin, thus confirming led to drawing with hemmed lip flap and the fixed arm.He described and partial plastic ear for which the skin flaps were cut out behind the ear.
G. Tagliacozzi book became the cornerstone for the development of modern plastic surgery and nose recovery method flap with the inner surface of the shoulder became known as the Italian way of rhinoplasty.
When life surgeon Gaspar Talyakotstsi Catholic Church condemned his work, and characterized them as pleasing to God.The great surgeon was buried in unconsecrated ground for the cemetery fence.Subsequently, the residents of Bologna, are proud of their fellow countryman, put a monument to him: figure, holding in his hand the nose.
However, not all attempts have been successful recovery of the nose.History tells that the astronomer Tycho Brahe wore a gold nose, losing his own in a duel.After the death of the surgeon Gaspar Talyakotstsi plastic surgery for some time performed his disciples, but later the Italian plastics method fell into oblivion, as the Catholic Church rejected the idea of surgical recovery failed as a result of nasal syphilis.