Therapeutic dentistry : symptoms , treatment and prevention of dental caries
Perhaps one of the most common dental pathologies is dental caries.This softening, demineralization and destruction of hard tissues of the tooth, and the further formation of cavities in the dentin.
caries arises as a result of a complex of adverse factors contributing to the emergence, development and propagation of cariogenic bacteria.
their metabolic products (organic acids) change the pH value of the acid-base balance in the surface of the teeth by dental plaque and form a hotbed of demineralization due to fermentation of carbohydrates.
Dental caries treatment involves the removal of sections of drill enamel and dentin, infected by pathogenic bacteria, and in the reconstruction of filling material anatomically shaped tooth.
degree caries determines the approach to its treatment.
carious spot (dark, black, white), which indicates a loss of enamel large amounts of calcium.This site enamel becomes dull.On temperature stimuli tooth does not respond.This form of caries does not need fillings, root treatment is performed by saturation of the tooth enamel affected by fluorine and calcium (remineralization).
surface caries defect characterized by the appearance of caries within the enamel layer, it softens and becomes rough.When the temperature or chemical action (hot / cold, sweet, sour, salty) there is a short-term pain.Superficial caries form is treated by a traditional filling.
Middle caries is considered the most common form of caries.In this case, the pathology extends beyond the enamel layer, begins the formation of carious defect (cavity) due to violation of the integrity of the enamel-dentine connection.Treated sealing.
With deep caries tooth is significantly disrupted.Deep carious cavity, often with overhanging edges of enamel fills pigmented softened dentin.This form of caries is characterized by short-term acute pain, which is usually held immediately after the removal of the stimulus.If the pain lasts longer, it is a symptom of pulpitis (a complication of tooth decay).Deep caries pulpitis and require special treatment.
warn caries, its development and complication will help compliance with a series of simple actions: the right regular oral hygiene, eating adequate amounts of protein, vitamins and trace elements, limiting carbohydrate foods, such as sweets.And, of course, to visit the dentist two times a year at least.