Pulse children OK - pulse parameters in children
Correct operation of the heart is one of the most important factors of a healthy body at any age, especially in children.The main indicators, which determine the performance of the most important muscles - heart rate and strength, as well as blood pressure.
For each age there are certain standards of performance.We will look at what pulse rate should be in children under one year, with the active exercise, in a dream, and that means fast or slow heartbeat contrary the baby.
Norma heart rate of the child
pulse rate in any child is fickle and can directly depend on many factors.The first is: active activity physical activity, general health, environmental influences, as well as the child's mood.By changing the pulse rate, heart monitors and human adaptation to changes in the external environment and the general state of the organism.
Changing this indicator noticeably observed in childhood.For example, the heart muscle of a newborn baby is beating twice as fast than in adolescence.Over time, the index of heart rate decreases markedly, and to 16 years reaches the level of the indicator of an adult.In the elderly (over 50 years), which are not permanently active, but most of their time they spend in a seated position, the heart muscle tends to weaken, and quickens the pulse.
addition to heart rate in all newborn infants, pediatricians necessarily control the respiratory rate or respiratory rate.These indicators are the most important information with healthy or weakened body.Heart rate and respiratory rate monitoring is very important for the proper development of the child's body.Newborn babies breathe more often (about 60 times per minute) than adults, and age is steadily decreasing.In 6 years, the child breathes 30 times per minute.
averages normal pulse rate in children of different ages:
- in infants (1 month) - 140 beats per minute;
- from 1 to 12 months - 132 stroke per minute;
- from 1 year to 2 years - 124 stroke per minute;
- 2-4 years - 115 beats per minute;
- 4-6 years - 106 beats per minute;
- 6-8 years - 98 beats per minute;
- 8-10 years - 88 beats per minute;
- 10-12 years - 80 beats per minute;
- 12-15 years - 76 beats per minute.
At the age of 15 to 50 years, the average heart rate should be about 70 beats per minute, and after 50 years:
- 50-60 years - 74 beats per minute;
- 60-80 years - 79 beats per minute.
When comparing the heart rate of your baby with these indicators, it is worth to note that the rules of the border is much broader than this average.If you notice that your baby's heart rate significantly different from the performance standards for a certain age, you should immediately consult a pediatrician or cardiologist.A significant change in heart rate may indicate the possible development of a disease.
accelerated pulse in a child
often rapid heartbeat occurs during exercise.Also devour affect the rapid pulse of heat or rapid burst of emotion in children.As a result, the heart rate may increase by 3.5 times, and this figure is not considered a disease.Pulse in children can be accelerated even at rest, is called tachycardia.At this rate, it can affect fatigue, lack of energy or significant pathological processes that occur in the heart muscle.
Slow heart rate in children
slow pulse that occurs at rest, called bradycardia.In the normal state of health of the heart rate indicator indicates the power of the heart muscle and overall fitness of the child's body.Athletes who are engaged in sports that require extreme endurance, have a record of heart rate of 35 to 40 beats per minute.If bradycardia during the child feels ill, complaining of persistent dizziness, quickly loses strength, as well as changes in blood pressure readings, it is necessary to address urgently to the highly qualified pediatrician.
How to measure heart rate?
Determine pulse rate in a child is quite simple.It is only necessary to feel his finger a large artery, which is located on the wrist, neck, temples or back of the foot, and then a little to hold her index finger.Then you have to feel the rhythmic pulsation of the blood.Now you need to count the number of pulsations for 10 seconds and multiply this number by six.Someone thinks tremors for 15 seconds and multiply by four, respectively.The resulting number is an indicator of the frequency of heart muscle contractions per minute.A normal heart rate should be clear, rhythmic, and comply with the age norm.
It is worth remembering that the measurement of the pulse rate should be carried out in a state of absolute rest, and in the same position of the child, as in sitting and standing figures to be different.Thanks to the heart rate measurement you can monitor various events, as well as to learn in advance of bradycardia or tachycardia.
Again, in the case of tachycardia and bradycardia requires a mandatory consultation with a doctor, since these phenomena can lead to unpleasant consequences.