Chest pain - symptoms , causes and treatment
Chest pain often becomes the reason for the visit to the doctor.This symptom causes a lot of experience, as it was in the chest area is a vital organ - the heart.Causes of chest pain may be different, but still, most of the reasons are various violations in the activity of the heart muscle.Quite often the patient requires emergency medical care.It is important to emphasize that acute chest pain is often the only symptom of a serious disease, so such complaints should alert the clinician.
Such patients should be surveyed with great care, to carry out any purpose on the basis of history, the patient's condition, the data of the electrocardiogram (ECG).
What can be a pain in the chest?
Chest pain is of a different nature, it is usually characterized by the following words: stabbing, aching, cutting, pressing, burning, compressing.Having an appointment with a cardiologist should try as much as possible to describe their feelings, as this will quickly establish the cause of chest pain and start treatment if it is needed.Other diseases manifest themselves in different ways, and hence the nature of pain indicates a particular disease.
If there is a feeling of heaviness in the chest, pain is oppressive character and having pain in the center of the chest and behind the sternum, is given in the shoulder blade, jaw, neck, shoulder, and accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness and sweating, thenin this case, we should talk about a typical manifestation of coronary or stenokardicheskie pain. reason for this phenomenon lies in the fact that the heart muscle is not getting the right at the moment the amount of oxygen.The symptoms of pain and characterized by the heart as a pressing speak about the development of coronary heart disease (CHD).Although coronary artery disease and manifests similar symptoms, they can also occur in the case of pericarditis.There are a number of non-cardiac diseases, which may be accompanied by pain in the heart of pressing nature (low back pain, spasm of the esophagus, peptic ulcer, gastritis).
Burning, cutting, stitching pain in the chest or in the retrosternal area, which is aggravated by coughing, deep breathing, and when people go to bed, and weakened in those cases when the patient leans forward ordisplays of physical activity - such a pain in the chest can be pericardial and pleural pain.They can be caused by inflammation in the pleura (the lung is a shell) or the pericardium (pericardium).On the characterization of pain should include more and their duration, as they can last for several days, not poetry, with her heart medications and did not let up.
Atypical pain syndrome can manifest pain in the heart of a different nature.This is quite difficult to characterize them, as they may be piercing and cutting and pressing, each time can be localized in different places, the intensity and duration may also be very different.Their appearance can not be associated with physical activity, emotional experiences.They appear suddenly and are exactly the same, can last a fraction of a second, and can be several days to torment a person, while taking pain, heart medications on the state of no effect.Diseases that are felt such pain in the chest, can be very different, ranging from osteoarthritis and finishing with CHD.
Causes and diagnosis of chest pain
case of complaints of the patient to emerging chest pain, diagnosis can be made only after a thorough examination of the patient and consulted a cardiologist and cardiac surgeon.It is noteworthy that the majority of women do not usually feel the heartache, but they come with complaints of pain in the back or upper chest, which can be connected shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness and weakness.
set of complaints against heart disease looks like this: disruptions in the heart, chest pain, shortness of breath, swelling, possible fainting and sudden loss of consciousness.Quite often, these symptoms may be indicative and not about kardioboleznyah, as, for example, diseases of the cervical-thoracic spine, various internal organs.Therefore, to determine the cause of pain and the diagnosis should be a doctor.Diagnosis of pain in the chest includes an electrocardiogram, phonocardiography, echocardiography, coronary angiography, myocardial scintigraphy.But before proceeding with the diagnosis of heart disease it is necessary to carry out X-ray magnetic resonance imaging of the spine in order to eliminate the possibility of "non-cardiac" causes of chest pain.
Cardiologists point out that if a person describes in detail, describes their chest pain, it is likely that the cause must be sought not in the heart and other organs.A painful heart disease a person is remembered quite clearly, so its description is a mean, not decorated in different words, and most importantly - accurate.
treatment of chest pain
As you can see, treat chest pain can not be frivolous, if it manifested itself at least once, then pull on a visit to the doctor is not necessary.Only a doctor can determine the severity of the symptoms, and if necessary, the treatment is started.Depending on the reasons will be given treatment - medication or surgery.There is a risk group, which includes people who have an increased risk of developing heart disease - it is heavy smokers, athletes, and this includes chronic workaholics and people with hereditary susceptibility to cardiac disorders.So people need to take care of your heart, it is better to listen to it, try to give up bad habits and plenty of rest.In any case, the chest pain can not be ignored.