hemoglobin level - one of the most important indicators of the overall blood test, which can be defined as from the capillary and venous blood from.
increased rates of hemoglobin in the blood can not be regarded as a single disease or disorder.This is just an analysis indicating that the disease develops, causing a deviation from the norm.
Therefore it is very important for elevated hemoglobin thorough medical examination and treatment is not high hemoglobin in men or women, and the causes of its increase.
What does high hemoglobin, which is the norm?
hemoglobin level depends on the age of the person and the floor, measured the blood component or in grams per deciliter of blood g / dL or more often in g / l.Increased hemoglobin should be considered above the norm 20 or more units.The average rate of hemoglobin are presented in the table:
|Age of child and adult||rate in g / l|
|1 -3 weeks||125-215|
|3 months.up to six months||95-135|
|from six months to 1 year||100-140|
|from 1 to 2 years||100-145|
|from 3 to 6 years||110-150|
|from 7 to 12 years||115-150|
|from 13 to 15 years||115-155|
|from 16 to 18 years||120-160|
|men older than the average age||125- 150|
|women older than the average age||117-138|
In some cases, elevated levels of hemoglobin are not associated with any disease?
course, some diseases of internal organs and blood, which we describe below, lead to high levels of hemoglobin in men and women, a child, but causes high hemoglobin may also be external factors or lifestyle person.
The inhabitants of mountainous terrain, or even living on the plain, but high above sea level, the rate of blood can be increased.When a person is in the highlands, the low level of oxygen causes the body to produce more hemoglobin to compensate for his lack of the maximum binding of hemoglobin with oxygen.However, this factor is not essential for the Russians.
also a high level of hemoglobin in men can be, if the profession is associated with frequent airplane flights, for example, the pilots or climbers, or women - flight attendants.A separate category of men and women with high levels of hemoglobin - a sportsmen engaged and active, even heavy sport - it is skiers, skaters, runners, marathoners, triathletes, besides climbers.
One of the factors, reasons for increasing hemoglobin in men as well as women can now serve as a very active smoking.Numerous studies conducted by experts still can not explain the fact that smokers are often inflated figures of hemoglobin.One theory is that the low content of pure oxygen in the lungs of the smoker, may cause a defense mechanism, and that the shortage of oxygen in the atmosphere as residents or climbers highlands.
Diseases, one of the signs of which can be high hemoglobin in the blood
Why high hemoglobin in the child, a man, a woman?Today the disastrous environmental situation on the planet leads to the fact that there are various diseases that do not suffer our ancestors.if there were cases of such diseases, it was a rare exception, in particular as regards:
- oncological diseases
- different options of allergic reactions
- Asthma generally a century ago was a rare disease, and today suffers its huge number of people, mostworst thing is that among them, and the children who are already at an early age have to take steroid hormonal agents, the reception of which even in aerosols can increase hemoglobin like a child and an adult.
High hemoglobin in newborns is often manifested by blood transfusion or transfer of maternal blood from the placenta, especially often observed in recent decades intrauterine hypoxia - lack of oxygen to the fetus due to placental insufficiency as the cause of high hemoglobin in the child, a newborn.
In adults, the most obvious at high hemoglobin, the reason - is heart disease and lung .Therefore, diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive bronchitis, tuberculosis, emphysema and other respiratory diseases - can cause high hemoglobin in the blood.
As for heart disease, it can also be heart failure, and heart defects, congenital malfunctions or structure of the heart, acquired heart disease.This is because when insufficient flow of oxygen to the organs and tissues (due to disorders of the heart or lungs), the body increases the production of red blood cells.Also high hemoglobin in the blood may also occur under the following conditions and diseases:
- dysfunction of the bone marrow
- Acute dehydration - the reduction of the state to normal and hemoglobin
- cancer of the kidneys, liver, intestines, adrenal adenoma, uterine cancer
- Receiving such drugsmeans as - steroid hormones, diuretics (diuretics), erythropoietin injections (to improve performance of athletes)
- strong stress
- Intestinal obstruction
- Chronic hypoxia, a long period of very active smoking
- genetic predisposition,family history
- Prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide - the inhabitants of cities, the staff of garages, car parks, residents polluted cities with developed industry, work in the mines.
Signs, symptoms of high blood hemoglobin
A high hemoglobin, the symptoms a person may not have any experience, but long-term and significant change in this indicator with complex co-morbidities, the patient may have a variety of vague symptoms that are generaland do not indicate a particular disease:
- fatigue, lethargy,
- Poor appetite
- Drowsiness or vice versa trouble falling asleep
- increases blood pressure
- Fast bruising and easy occurrence of bleeding
- Headaches, dizziness
- Itching of the skin, especially after showering, bathing
- Pain in the joints, bones - ribs, hips
- Blood clots, or thrombi, which are easily produced, can cause stroke, pulmonary embolism, heart attacks
- abdominal pain.
What is dangerous high hemoglobin?
People with primary polycythemia (increased hemoglobin and red blood cells) should be aware of the possible serious complications that arise due to the formation of blood clots - gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, pulmonary embolism, strokes, heart attacks, deep vein thrombosis leg.These conditions require immediate medical care.
In secondary polycythemia, against the background of existing chronic heart and lung diseases, the risk of such complications also exists, but to a lesser extent, and monitor the state in the first place need to work together with the attending cardiologist or pulmonologist.