Pneumonia - an acute infectious disease of the lungs, or simply an inflammation of the lungs.The incidence of pneumonia among the population of the planet affects their numbers in Russia each year more than 2 million. Incidence of this disease.
If we consider pneumonia as a cause of mortality, it is firmly on the 4th place, after cancer, heart attack and stroke.
pneumonia most often exposed to children, weak and elderly.The insidiousness of pneumonia is that the agents of the disease may act and bacteria, and viruses, and fungi, and atypical pathogens:
- mycoplasma, chlamydia
- Rickettsia - Q fever
- Fungal etiologypneumonia
infectious or not pneumonia?This question even the doctors do not give a clear answer.To understand this question should be considered, what are the different types of pneumonia:
- community-acquired pneumonia
If we consider pneumonia in terms of the causative agent, the bacterial, ordinary pneumonia, the medicine is not recognized as a form of infectious inflammation.In most cases, pneumonia is a complication of acute respiratory viral infection, parainfluenza, influenza, rhinovirus, especially in children.If the virus caused inflammation in the lower airways, the bronchi, the lung is an accumulation of mucus, pus.This hinders ventilation leads to the accumulation of bacteria.And of course when you cough, sneeze, talk loud the patient into the air pneumonia pathogen.If a person has pneumonia was provoked by a virus, the infection surrounding the possible airborne, but the root cause of the disease, that is - SARS or influenza.But if pneumonia develops in infected, directly depends on the protective forces of the body affected, the timeliness and adequacy of treatment of this virus.
- Dangerous, infectious forms of pneumonia
If the causative agent of tuberculosis is (caseous pneumonia) or atypical representatives such as chlamydia, mycoplasma, SARS (type of atypical pneumonia that nazyvaetsya- severe acute respiratorysyndrome), the forms of pneumonia are passed from person to person by airborne droplets.The good news is that these types rarely cause disease epidemics occur in rare cases.If a person is in contact with these patients, the immune system is weakened, the chances of infection such dangerous forms of pneumonia is very high.Pneumonia is contagious, if pathogens are Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Klebsiella, Legionella, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Haemophilus influenzae, Chlamidiapsittaci, Coxiella burnetii.
- Hospital pneumonia
Studies in the United States, for infection of health workers serving in the pulmonary department, found that the staff of these offices carry diseases of the respiratory system most other citizens of the country.Specifically, the incidence of 'peer pulmonology amounted to over 35% for the year.That is, the medical staff of these offices have a high risk of exposure to hospital with pneumonia, and many of the workers suffered pneumonia, even several times.Activators of hospital pneumonia are often Gram bacteria, anaerobes, chlamydia, staphylococcus, streptococcus.That hospital pneumonia is the cause of the high mortality from this disease (about 70%), because the pathogens are becoming resistant to many antibiotics, antimicrobial agents, used for treatment of pneumonia.
For someone in the first place is dangerous pneumonia?Infectious or not it is for others?
most vulnerable to infection with the following categories of people:
- Weakened people after operations
- People with
- severe chronic diseases People taking systemic hormonal drugs that depress the immune system
- Pregnant women and women after childbirth
- People after SARS, influenza, cold
- People who are in a deep depression or chronic stress
- Alcoholics, drug addicts
infectious pneumonia after recovery if
disappearance of pneumonia symptoms and normalization of the results of X-ray is not a reason to believe that the body is not the originator.Medical institutions have no capacity to determine this.Protected from exposure to antimicrobial drugs and the immune defense of the body, the bacteria are able to move in an L-shape and this encapsulation microbes allows them to exist for a long time in a hostile environment.
As soon as there are triggers to reduce immunity in adults they are safely begin breeding, causing a relapse.In children, chronic inflammation of the lungs is very rare because of the active blood circulation, prevents the development of bacteria encapsulation.However, if there is a permanent contact with the patient, produced by bacteria, the risk of transition into a chronic disease increases significantly and the child.
Conclusion : Asked pneumonia contagious or not, it can be stated with certainty, pneumonia - it's contagious! Since there are still contagious form of the disease that are dangerous for people with a weak immune response.And to date, not many of us can boast of good health, excellent immunity, healthy spirit in a healthy body.If you are in contact with the patient with pneumonia, in any case comply with the basic protection and security rules, then the probability of infection is minimal.