Rule 1: Any antibiotics should be taken only on doctor's prescription
basic rule - use antibiotics only in those cases where it is impossible to do without them.Indications for use of antibiotics - the signs of acute bacterial infection, which the body can not cope on their own:
- Persistent and prolonged increase
- temperature purulent discharge
- change the composition of blood - an increase of white blood cells (leukocytosis), a shift leukocyte left (increase of band andsegmented white blood cells), elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate
- After a period of improved repeated deterioration of the patient.
known that viruses are powerless before antibiotics.Therefore, influenza, SARS, some acute intestinal infections, their use is pointless and not safe (see. Do drink antibiotics for colds and SARS).What else you need to know to everyone the right to take antibiotics?
Rule 2: Write down all the information about you received antibiotics previously
When some antibiotics, what course, under any conditions - write.This is especially true of children taking the drugs.During the use of antibiotics is important to look at what were the side effects or allergy and burn it.The physician can not adequately pick you an antibiotic, when has no information - which, in what doses taken antibiotics you or your child before.Also it is necessary to inform the doctor about other medications you are taking (permanently or just for now).
Rule 3: Never beg for a doctor appointment
antibiotics doctor may prescribe antimicrobials without much evidence, if you insist.The use of antibiotics significantly speeds up recovery, but it is not always justified.Especially do not ask at the pharmacy "something" stronger.Stronger - does not mean effective.Sometimes a pharmacy might offer to replace one drug similar, in this case it is better to agree on such a replacement to your doctor or pharmacist to clarify the composition and the active ingredient, so as not to disturb the dosage prescribed by the doctor.
Rule 4: Turn on the analysis of bacterial seeding to select the "best" of the antibiotic
In some diseases perfect, when you can be tested for bacterial inoculation with determination of antibiotic susceptibility.When there is laboratory findings, antibiotic selection is simplified and in this case the treatment is obtained with a sniper accuracy.The disadvantage of this analysis is that the expectation of the result takes 2 to 7 days.
Rule 5: Strictly observe the time and number of intakes
Always keep regular intervals between doses of the antibiotic.It is necessary to maintain a constant concentration of drug in the blood.Many people mistakenly perceive information about the multiplicity of reception, if recommended to take 3 times a day, it does not mean that the reception must be for breakfast, lunch and dinner.This means that reception is performed through 8 hours.If 2 times a day, then just 12 hours later.
rule 6: How many days to take antibiotics?
usually enough 5-7 days, sometimes an antibiotic deadline is 10-14 days.Powerful antibiotics prolonged action, such as azithromycin (Sumamed, Azitroks, Z-factor Azitsid, Hemomitsin, Ecomed) taken once a day 3 days or 5 days, in severe cases, a doctor may prescribe the following scheme: 3 days of drinking, 3 day break- and so 3 admission.The duration of antibiotic treatment the doctor sets.
Rule 7: Continuity of treatment
If you started a course of antibiotics, in any case can not stop treatment as soon as you feel an improvement.It is necessary to continue the treatment after 2-3 days after the improvement, recovery. should also monitor the effect of the antibiotic. If within 72 hours no improvement is observed, then the pathogen is resistant to this antibiotic and should be replaced.
Rule 8: Never attempt to adjust the dosage of the antibiotic
use of drugs in small doses is very dangerous, because it increases the likelihood of resistant bacteria.Increasing the dose is also not safe, since it leads to an overdose and side effects.
Rule 9: What to drink and when to drink an antibiotic?
clearly follow the instructions on the correct reception of a particular drug, since various kinds of antibiotics of the meal:
- ones - should be taken with food
- others - drink one hour before meals or 1-2 hours after eating
- recommended to wash down any medications only with water, clean, non-carbonated
- antibiotics is not recommended to wash down with milk and dairy products, as well as tea, coffee and juices (but there are exceptions, carefully read the instructions).
10 Rule: Take probiotics
During treatment should take drugs that restore the natural microflora of the intestine (Linex, RioFlora-Immuno, Bifiform, Atsipol, Narine, gastrofarm, Primadofilus, RelaLife, Normoflorin, etc., the entire list of drugs.probiotics).As antibacterial agents destroy the beneficial bacteria in the body, it is necessary to take probiotics, eat dairy products (apart from the use of antibiotics).It is better to take these drugs in between the reception of antimicrobial agents.
Rule 11: When antibiotic treatment follow a special diet
worth abandon fatty foods, fried, smoked and canned foods, eliminate alcohol and acidic fruits.Receiving antibiotics inhibit the liver, therefore, food should not charge too much liver.The diet includes more vegetables, sweet fruit, white bread.