The older a person becomes, the more his life luggage.This luggage is not only knowledge and experience, but also a number of the most various ailments and diseases.Some of them - are clear, with the expressed clinic, often hidden for the time being, gradually gaining strength and getting ready in one day is not manifest in full force, complicated and even lead to disability or death.
To minimize the risks, they first need to properly recognize and appreciate.Forewarned is forearmed.So, welcome to the gunsmiths to the nearest clinic or private medical center.
Health after 50
overcome the barrier of 50 years, people come not only at a time of professional maturity and worldly, but also closer to the beginning of the extinction of a hormonal peak.Someone that is sooner, someone later.Women are hormonal crisis earlier than men.With the fall of the production of natural estrogen women are gradually moving into the same area of risk for cardiovascular disease as men.It is necessary to consider the main problems that beset both sexes after the fiftieth anniversary.
- Heart in men by that time may already be experiencing shortage of blood supply and oxygen starvation due to atherosclerosis of the coronary vessels, which is developed on the background of many years of smoking, lipid metabolism disorders, overweight and adverse heredity.
- deteriorating situation and hypertension, provided that it is an incomplete drug correction, frequent pressure surges, leading to hypertrophy of the left ventricle.
- direct toxic effect on the heart muscle over the years and can provide alcohol, and medications.
- Subject to neglect their health and preserving the influence of risk factors, men over 50 at risk of detailed clinic coronary heart disease with frequent painful attacks, included in the program of angina, cardiac arrhythmia, the most dangerous of which is atrial fibrillation (as fromit is highly likely to strokes).
- worst case of cardiac pathology can be considered and the development of acute myocardial infarction, as this is always some degree of heart failure as a result of the fall of the contractility of the heart muscle.
- Former athletes persistently reduces the amount of stress can suffer in this age of cardiomyopathy, and various degrees of heart failure.
- to give heart attacks at this age are still rare, but angina and rhythm disorders can already assert itself and them.
vascular bed in both sexes can suffer from hypertension (hypertensive disease more often, less often symptomatic of pressure surges on the background of kidney disease, adrenal tumors).The more crises and blood pressure jumps, the higher the risk for vascular complications and organ damage: heart, retina, kidney, brain vessels.
Stroke - the most severe complication of hypertension, which today is not uncommon for men and women over the age of fifty.Also, there may be chronic disorders of cerebral blood flow with memory impairment, sleep, hearing, gait on the background of atherosclerosis, or stenosis of blood vessels that feed the brain.
Diabetes also has vessels of all sizes, mainly affecting arteries and capillaries in the brain, kidneys, eyes and limbs, causing kidney failure, the progressive loss of vision, sores and even gangrene.If diabetes of the first type at this time is already complicated for the second type of diabetes is just beginning to gain momentum and recruit neophytes.
Varicose Varicose leg disease, which began in his youth, to the present age has often strikes deep vein thrombophlebitis and complicated.It is also often suffer and the veins of the rectum, giving the clinic hemorrhoids with bleeding and pain.Thrombotic complications are more likely to affect men and women smokers.
For smokers objective reality becomes occlusive disease, which usually affects men at risk of thrombosis on the background of vessels of the legs to get on the operating table and lose limbs.
Obesity Abdominal obesity lies in wait for those who are prone to disturbance of fat metabolism.Against the background of excess fat on the abdomen and flanks begins to develop metabolic syndrome including dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis and high blood pressure.To give premenopausal "tying zhirka" - a protective mechanism to the fading operation ovarian estrogen synthesized from adipose tissue, while maintaining protection of the heart and bone.Therefore, excessive weight loss in women of this age group can not be approved, as fraught with premature aging.
Musculoskeletal suffering from osteochondrosis with repeated radiculoneuritis, the program of which the pain and limited mobility.When unfavorable course of metabolic processes in the cartilage and bone, as well as chronic injuries in the first place nominated by herniated discs and deforming arthrosis of the joints (still mild).
Respiratory System Respiratory
fifty years the system, provided that they have neglected the chronic pulmonary diseases (COPD, asthma, tuberculosis or bronchiectasis) is completely offset.Shortness of breath, usually pursues holders heart disease and smokers with chronic inflammation and narrowing of the bronchial tubes (see. Genetic mutations begin smoking for 20 years before lung cancer).
- stomach and the esophagus does not affect this age nothing new if no risk factors for the development of cancer pathology.Ulcer continue to heal erosions and ulcers in the stomach and ulcers 12-ultradisperse ulcer, chronic gastritis sluggish flow.Unfavorable background considered atrophic processes in the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, since they require regular monitoring and vigilance for the appearance of tumors (see. Gastric cancer).
- intestinal motility is still preserved, but slightly increased risks of colorectal cancer provided family history and effect of risk factors (smoking, abuse of spices, chronic injuries of the mucous gut or concomitant ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease).The rectum continues to make hemorrhoids.The course which can worsen bleeding.
- liver in those who do not abuse alcohol and drugs are no special surprises like cirrhosis does not present (if you do not get sick infectious hepatitis, see. Liver disease).Liver cancer - an infrequent companion of fifty.Most deteriorating for cholecystitis, usually formed in the gall stones and revealed biliary dyskinesia (see. Gall bladder disease).
- pancreas may make themselves known to those who have not previously held a sensible diet with restriction of alcohol, are not treated in a timely manner or chronic cholecystitis keeps beer cold snack meatballs, mushrooms and pans have the size of a wheel of the SUV.Keep in mind that with age the body's enzymatic capabilities fall, decreasing the level of enzymes that decompose alcohol, milk, mushrooms.Therefore, after 50 to these products, as well as tomatoes and honey with a young enthusiasm should not lean (see. That you can eat at a pancreatitis).
Kidneys The kidneys without urolithiasis, chronic glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis nothing particularly new is not present.However, they can sometimes be got cancer, but it does not happen too often.In order to prevent renal disease should be limited to reasonable limits the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and pain medications, drink alcohol or singed a license in large quantities in a timely manner to treat pockets of infection in the mouth and throat.Most kidney at this age suffer again, because of hypertension, diabetes, increased risk of wrinkling code glomerular filtration and renal function deterioration.Problems with urination - surprise, which can give mother nature after 50 years:
- Women begin to have problems of incontinence due to weakness of the pelvic floor muscles after childbirth, operations, and on the background of disorders in hormonal levels (see urinary incontinence in women.).
- Men lurking problem of incomplete emptying of the bladder due to the development of BPH.Also, urinary difficulties, and may be accompanied by chronic prostatitis.
Closer to 55-59 years in the body is trying to start the transition to the economical use of resources regime.Therefore, hormonal rampage, forcing the person to live at the limit of their physical abilities, loses its relevance.
women approach the milestone menopause, periods which are different for different ethnic groups and people with different heredity.There are deviations from the average age in both directions.Someone faced with physiological menopause at 47, but someone gives birth at 60.
In general, if the process proceeds without surges and failures, it is quite natural and brings disaster.Another thing, if it is a pathological menopause (see. Menopause in women).So-called climax, when, in response to hormonal imbalance darts circuit vegetativka provoking pressure surges, headaches, emotional instability (see. How to deal with hot flashes during menopause).
All these troubles can be cut short by modern antiklimaktericheskih funds.The most dangerous complication of menopause becomes the defeat of the cardiovascular system and osteoporosis, the frequency of which increases with the age of the woman.
one time was considered a panacea for hormone replacement therapy, but today has accumulated evidence that such tactics are fraught with high risks for the development of breast cancer, so the hormone is not for everyone.
- Cancer of female genital mutilation, and especially breast cancer - is the bane of modern women, approaching menopause.
- If cervical cancer is directly linked to human papilloma viruses and other sexually transmitted diseases, the breast cancer - is the direct result of hormonal imbalances, a small number of births, the non-extended breastfeeding and hobbies hormonal contraceptives (see pros and cons of birth control pills.).
Another ladies hormonal problem can be considered a disease of the thyroid gland.Hyper and hypothyroidism occur equally on the background of a variety of goiters, thyroiditis and neoplastic processes.With thyroid pathologies associated, and some varieties of breast cancer.
men sexually men over 50 in the absence of chronic inflammation of the reproductive sphere is still completely preserved.Some growing number of vascular pathologies, as the causes of erectile dysfunction (see. Drugs to increase potency), but in the whole population of the number of these patients weather does.But against the background of sexual disorders neuroses.stress and hard work are not uncommon in this age group.
Clinical examination at least after 50 years
To pass routine inspection can take advantage of outpatient clinical examination on the basis of the policy of compulsory health insurance, or to apply to a private clinic or medical center.
Some employers of the "non-poor" are buying for their employees voluntary medical insurance policies and enter into contracts with hospitals for medical examinations of their employees.With minor amendments middle chekap after fifty should look like this.
Blood samples are collected on an empty stomach.Do not take the medication.It is useful to drink a glass of water analysis.
- Complete blood count - blood from a finger to evaluate hemoglobin, red blood cells (anemia excluded, blood clots), leukocytes and ESR (inflammation, cancer risks imunodefitsit, allergies) and platelets (clotting disorders).
- Biochemical analysis of blood - from a vein, assess kidney function (total protein, urea, creatinine), liver (bilirubin, ALT, AST), a tendency to the formation of atherosclerotic plaque (cholesterol, lipid profile), blood sugar (diabetes, breach of tolerance toglucose, pancreatic tumors).Potassium and sodium - the main electrolytes, the level of which is determined for the assessment of the internal environment, the presence of dehydration, the risk of cardiac arrhythmias, kidney malfunction, the risks of hypertension.Prothrombin index indicates the blood coagulation system and the risk of thrombosis.
Urinalysis give an idea of the concentration ability of the kidneys and urinary sediment allows us to navigate in the presence of kidney and urinary tract diseases.In men, in addition it is possible to indirectly judge the state of the reproductive organs.
ECG Electrocardiogram - ECG at rest evaluates heart rhythm, its rate cuts, marks an increase of the heart, signs of degeneration, oxygen starvation or scars.It is also a primary selection for the Screening of patients for cardiac chekap depth.
lung X-ray (fluoroscopy) with moderate radiation exposure allows us to identify tuberculosis, which today again become a real problem.It is often not infected with antisocial personality, and just knocked people with immune system.An additional difficulty getting primary resistance disease.When the disease is caused by tubercle bacillus, initially insensitive to anti-TB drugs.
addition to TB Screening of "flyushka" gives an idea of the other diseases of the lungs (pneumonia, emphysema, sarcoidosis and occupational diseases) and abnormalities in heart size or position of the large vessels.
- reasonable to perform chest X-rays once in 2 years
- Migrants, internally displaced people, teachers, doctors (decreed groups) - recommended study every year .
Inspection therapist involves questioning the patient, his inspection, measurement of height and weight with calculation of body mass index, which is important for assessing cardiac risks.The therapist begins and ends baseline medical examination process.Its share falls assessment of absolute risk of acute vascular situations (stroke and heart attacks), profilaktitcheskoy conducting interviews and giving recommendations to reduce risks and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
aims to identify abnormalities of the thyroid gland and diabetes.In addition to these core areas, he commended the work of the endocrine glands and can recommend more in-depth study in the event of unusual situations.
mainly in profosomtre aimed at identifying signs of cerebral circulatory disorders, as well as pathologies of the central and peripheral nervous system, including osteochondrosis and radiculitis.In addition to the inspection shows duplex scanning of brachiocephalic arteries to all those who previously suffered a cerebral hemorrhage and men older than 45 (women over 55), if they have three risk factors (high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and overweight).
excluded limb vascular lesions (varicose veins, obliterating endarteritis, disease or Raynaud's syndrome), and urolithiasis, calculous cholecystitis and hemorrhoids.
Optometrist Optometrist check visual acuity, fundus examining, reflecting the state of cerebral vessels and mandatory measures intraocular pressure, glaucoma exclusion.
After fifty vigilance against cancer should be at any specialist.Special attention is given to patients with a family history and occupational risk groups.