Dry corn, better known as corns, is a fairly common form of the feet due to prolonged friction or increased pressure on the skin.Externally corns looks like a seal on the sole of the foot with a thickening in the middle, which is actually an accumulation of dead skin cells - hyperkeratosis.The disease is not infectious nature, and is not contagious to others.
causes of corns on the feet
Dry corn produced for a long time because of the constant high pressure on a certain area of the skin or rubbing.It may occur on any part of the plantar surface of the foot, which is subjected to mechanical impact: on the fingers, instep, heel (see reasons for heel pain.).Very rarely corns occur on the arch of the foot.
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Varieties of dry corn
calluses on the foot can be: soft, solid and core.
Solid corn - is tightly closed outgrowth without causing discomfort when walking.Mild pain can be felt only when the pressure on the corn.Most localized to the plantar surface of the foot and the side, the heels.
Soft corn a seal on the open surface of the skin (similar to a wound) or in the form of a bubble inside the liquid.When you click on it the pain is felt.Characteristic for the interdigital spaces.
Corn the rod has a root, which is in the form of a cone goes deep into the skin.In the center of the corn has a central translucent zone of increased density or rod dry corn.Causes discomfort and pain when walking.In most cases, formed the dry corn on the toe: the side surface 2-5 toes and the back surface of the interphalangeal joints.
Vascular and fibrous - a rare species of corns.When corn in vascular stem portion are blood vessels, fibrous corn is a very dense hyperkeratosis, which looks like a honeycomb.
Symptoms of dry corn
- Appearance - corn are yellowish-white or gray, rough (most often) or smooth (less) surface.Form calluses oval or round.There may be convex and planar.
- surrounding tissue - often swollen and inflamed.
- Pain - most often occurs when the targeted pressure on corn, but may be in walking.
- Reduced sensitivity - with a light touch to the affected skin sensitivity is reduced.
Very often, calluses are complicated by a bacterial infection, and that's when the pain and inflammation in the legs make walking painful and even impossible.Corn tend to progression, i.e.the widening of the Taking of new areas of healthy skin.Such corn is very difficult to cure.
diagnose dry corn can own, relying on the characteristic external features, but it is best to visit a dermatologist, who will put the correct diagnosis (differentiated with plantar warts, joint pads, keratoderma, psoriatic calluses) and say, how to treat this formation.
Treatment of dry calluses
It is believed that if the corn does not cause pain, it is not necessary to treat.However, this is not true: the aesthetic appearance of the feet with calluses is far from perfect, but the absence of pain and discomfort is no guarantee that these symptoms do not appear within a month or two.All therapies are aimed at removing the layer of dead cells.
creams and ointments on the basis of salicylic acid
Action : Regular use of such facilities leads to a gradual burn-corn from his bed.
Salicylic ointment is applied on the corn after the bath, dry skin is glued on top of the security patch.To the drug is not affected on the surrounding tissue, the skin is glued with adhesive to cut a hole therein sized blisters.The procedure is repeated once or twice a day with a maximum duration of treatment - 28 days.You can use salicylic acid in the solution, wetting them and putting a piece of cotton to corn.
patch of corns pasted on corn and removed already with chapped dead tissue after a while.
|Salicylic ointment 3%, 5%, or salicylic acid (solution) is 20-30 rubles.||Bottega Verde cream, 350 -450 rubles||«Stoletnik" cream heels of calluses and corns, producer of "KorolevFarm" price 80r.||Nemozol 70 rubles.|
|Cream namozolil 911, the price of 110 rubles.||Collomak, 300-370 rubles (pharmacy)||Pasta "5 days", the price of 60 rubles.(Pharmacy)||patch Salipod 50-100 rubles (pharmacy)|
creams and ointments on the basis of lactic acid
Action : They soften calluses horny tissue less corrosive effect than salicylic.
Apply a thick layer on corn (after bath, on dry feet), close the top waxed paper and wear wool socks.After 2 hours, the softened skin gently scraped the special nail file and cream residues wash off with warm water.The procedure is repeated every 1-2 days.
|Super Antimozol, the price of 100 rubles.||effect of "Freedom" (in Auchan) is effective from corns, 50 rubles.||lactic acid solution||Green Pharmacy (lactic and salicylic acid, an extract of plantain, etc.) 170 rub.|
Preparations based on celandine
Action : Celandine cleanses the skin from the formations, expanding horny cells.
Using : The drug is applied after the bath steamed plastic stick strictly to the area of corns twice daily 2-10 days.The duration of cauterization is 10-12 minutes.Learn more about the benefits and contraindications of celandine.
|Balm "Mountain celandine" 50-100 rubles.||Corn Ka, 70 rubles.||juice celandine||Stopmozol with celandine, 80 rubles.|
funds based on sodium hydroxide
Action: This aggressive alkali, which corrodes the horny cells.
agent is applied on clean and steamed corn very carefully so as not to hurt healthy skin.For this purpose there is a special applicator.When applied correctly, corn dark, but there is no pain and a burning sensation.The necrotic tissue is gradually disappear within 1-2 days.If necessary, repeat the application of funds.
|Super celandine, 30 rubles.||Super celandine 20-30 rubles.||Super celandine 20-30 rubles.||Gel Antipapillom, 130 rubles (pharmacy)|
Funds based propellenov (refrigerants)
Action: This is a new word in pharmacology otherwise called home cryotherapy, increasingly used for the treatment of warts, but it is used and dry calluses- Vartner handle to remove calluses (500 rubles), KrioFarma (700 rubles).
Using : A special applicator is applied to the corn, the skin turns pale and forms a water bubble, under which there is healthy tissue.Bubble dry out and gradually disappears.
funds based on phenol
Action: mummified tissue and cauterize - Kondilin (700 rubles), Vartek, Verrukatsid (220 rubles).
Application: Corn very carefully treated with a solution and air dried.Gradually corn dries up and disappears.If necessary, the processing is repeated.
Removing old dry corn that other independent measures do not lead to an effect produced in a cosmetic or surgical office:
- Liquid nitrogen or cryosurgery - treated with an applicator or a special device with liquid nitrogen skin,those.Corn itself is frozen for 20-30 seconds, the procedure is repeated several times, if necessary.After the procedure, the corn is white and disappears in a few days.During the recovery period it is very important to treat the skin with an antiseptic and a plaster to protect the delicate skin under the former corn from the friction, so as not formed a new skin defect.
- Laser - Exposure to the laser beam on the corn leads to heat and evaporate the layer-formation of keratinized cells from the hearth.The recovery period during laser deleting corn shorter than after kriodeksturktsii, however, after the procedures are needed restrictive measures such as those described above.
In no case can not be cut, cut, or extirpate corn alone.This is a direct path to the infection of the foot and soft tissue penetration of the surgical department.
feet can act as a primary treatment and preparation prior to the application of therapeutic drug.The general principle of the application of baths:
- water should be hot, but not scalding
- time of adoption - 15 minutes after the bath
- corn accurately processed by a special nail file or pumice stone.
You can use the following compositions:
- decoction of pine and spruce kidney - perfect softens and disinfects the skin.In 1 liter of boiled water 1 tspkidney for 2-3 minutes.
- soap-soda solution - disinfects and softens the horny seal.On 1 liter of water take 1 tbsp.spoon of baking soda and liquid soap.
- solution of potassium permanganate - prepare a solution saturated pink.
- Salt solution - 1 liter of water add 1 tablespoonsea salt.
Folk remedies treat
How to get rid of dry calluses without surgery and pharmacy drugs?There are proven ways for years that when used correctly are highly effective.
hulls pour 9% vinegar and put in a jar with lid for 2 weeks.Corn smeared with Vaseline and put on her onion peel on top impose bandage and leave overnight.In the morning leg steams in the water and part of calluses should already fall.The procedure after 2 days to completely remove calluses.
Garlic baked in the oven, mix in half with butter and put on the corn, having covered the top bandage.After 2 hours, the ointment has withdrawn from part of corn.Repeat after 1-2 days.
compress of calendula flowers
helps only with fresh corn.Fresh flowers are crushed and added to it hot water to form a slurry, used to make a compress on the corn.Repeat 10 days in a row.
Fresh lemon peel paste the yellow side to corn, pre-steam the legs.Leave the bandage on for 1-2 days.Repeat after 2 days.
alcoholic solution of propolis
well helps with calluses on his little finger.Piece of propolis dissolved in a small volume of alcohol is added, and third of salicylic acid, stirred until homogeneous.Impose on corn every day and harboring a bandage.For 5-7 Corn procedures completely softened and disappear.
Pulp fresh tomato sour grades
Tomato shifted to a pulp and applied as an ointment on the corn, make the dressing on top.You can use this cream daily life at night.
Chicken egg 1 egg
pour vinegar and leave for 8 days until complete dissolution.Get the composition of treated corn: soak in the liquid a cloth and apply it to the corn, and the top is covered with cellophane wrapped.Apply at least parts of corns dropout.
aloe juice smeared corn every day for the night to complete removal of the stratum formation.
Dried prunes tenderize in milk and hot apply to corn, keep up to cool down, remove and apply the next hot prunes.The procedure lasts 30 minutes and is repeated on a daily basis.
This is a classic method for the treatment of corns.Every day, fresh-cut corn cauterized celandine handle.This will clear the way to the foot for a few weeks.
clove garlic crushed into mush, add 1 tspvinegar and flour to obtain a cake.In a piece of plaster cut a hole the size of corn, paste on foot and in the hole put the cake.Above the harbor and sealed with plaster bandage.Rent for 2-3 days, the corn will act together with a bandage.If necessary, repeat after a few days, but one procedure is usually sufficient.
How to prevent a blister on foot
If you are prone to the formation of calluses, you should carefully follow the hygiene toe, socks and shoes, to protect the area of the former corn from injury and maceration, that education is not formed again.
Shoes should be proportionate to, and not to compress high-quality legs.It is impossible to wear shoes with high heels.If you have orthopedic problems - should wear special orthopedic shoes or orthotics.
To protect the skin from friction on sale there are special pads that are put between the foot and the toe or a shoe.There are different variations -. Under the fingers, thumb and other fingers, under the heel, etc.
performing pedicures, plantar part of the foot should be examined carefully for the presence of calluses - finding them at the beginning of the formation allows you to quickly solve the aesthetic and medical problem!